Gerald Spencer, P.E. has more than 50 years experience serving as the Engineer of Record responsible for the design and construction of the MEP portions of more than 1300 building construction projects since 1968 including more than 30 years of preparing forensic engineering reports. Gerald Spencer, P.E. has also been providing licensed professional engineering expert opinion and testimony concerning HVAC, electrical, plumbing, cryogenics, ventilation, construction contract compliance, construction cost estimating, construction contract acquisition, construction contract administration, and other construction matters for attorneys with since 2001.
1. PREDOMINANT ENERGY USE STUDIES: Gerald Spencer, P.E. has personal experience preparing energy consumption analysis of energy used exploring for, producing, or transporting, a material extracted from the earth; existing energy used for manufacturing real goods; and/or processing tangible personal property for sale as tangible personal property for use in obtaining Texas State Sales Tax Exemptions and Rebates. Gerald Spencer, P.E. has prepared more than 25 Predominant Energy Use Studies in the past 20 years. We are familiar with the Rules and regulations of the Texas State Comptrollers Office. We have recently (July 2003) completed a Predominant Energy Use Study for a 40.8MVA - 138KV substation for a local client that resulted in a multi-million dollar state sales tax refund.
2. LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS & ENERGY MANAGEMENT: Gerald Spencer, P.E. has personally prepared more than 200 energy consumption analysis of federally-funded construction projects since 1968 in accordance with Energy Life Cycle Cost Analysis principals that comply with the DoD, GSA, DOS, and NASA guidelines where we were the Architect Engineer of record or the Engineer Of Record (EOR) for the design of the construction project. Gerald Spencer, P.E. is familiar with the DoD Criteria, NASA-JSC Construction Criteria, Corps of Engineers Technical Manuals, Department of State Design Guidelines, General Services Administration, U. S. Postal Service, plus other rules and regulations governing energy management. Gerald Spencer, P.E. has prepared mote than 80 formal computer generated Energy Consumption Analysis Reports for documentation proving compliance with ASHRAE 90 since 1980. Gerald Spencer, P.E. has prepared reports and analysis of proposed buildings to indicate compliance with ASHRAE 90.1 in accordance with the requirements of the Texas Energy Code.
Prior to the advent of computer generated energy consumption calculations, Gerald Spencer, P.E. prepared hand calculated energy consumption analysis for many facilities including the FBI academy 1965 at Quantico, Virginia; Federal Courthouse and Office Building, San Antonio, Texas 1965; FAA control tower and TRACON facilities at DFW airport, Texas 1971; plus several commercial and privately funded reports for non-federally funded projects. These reports compared various HVAC systems on a Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) basis to determine the most cost effective system to be constructed for each facility.
These reports take into consideration all capital investment, operating costs, taxes, interest, maintenance and replacement costs on a life-cycle cost analysis basis. Gerald Spencer, P.E. also considers small subsystems such as adding capacitors to motors for power factor improvement and demand charges reduction. We have in-house capability and experience in preparing energy budgets and energy analysis by computer modeling. Gerald Spencer, PE is experienced in the design of all types of energy management systems that control the cycling of energy consuming equipment according to a preset program for the optimum use of energy. Often a project will require the preparation of a formal report to economically justify the expenditure of funds for improvements or for new construction. This report is used to justify and defend the design decisions. Gerald Spencer, PE always approaches energy engineering with an open mind, and evaluate every conceivable energy savings option.
2.1. COMPUTER PROGRAMMED ENERGY CONSUMPTION MODELING: Gerald Spencer, PE provides energy consumption calculations by computer modeling each building that is planned. Once we have this data inputted into our computer, we can easily ask "WHAT IF” questions concerning not only the equipment selection, operation, and configuration, but also questions concerning the construction or modification of the building. We can provide a computer programmed energy consumption simulation model for any building using our in-house computer. Existing Projects that have records of utility consumption and costs will allow us to vary the inputs of lights, people, and other variables until the energy consumption matches the historical data from the utility billings for a very accurate projection of future energy consumption with any proposed modifications. This will allow us to ask “WHAT IF” questions, and get finite energy savings in BTU, KWH, KVA, from any and all proposed energy related modifications to the building. Typical proposed considerations will be in the following areas, plus others that we think of when we get into the project.
2.2. KVA DEMAND CHARGE REDUCTION: Gerald Spencer, PE can provide design for automation for load shedding as required to reduce KVA demand charges by the power company. This will require a system to monitor the KVA demand at the incoming electrical service with pulse meters that will constantly up-date a controller as to the present KVA Demand that is the basis for the electrical demand billing. This Controller will cycle various loads off for relatively short periods of time so that the total measured demand at the point of metering is reduced. The various loads will each receive a priority rating and the controller will selectively cycle the various loads at different times as required to reduce KVA Demand. This can be a part of the EMCS, SCADA, or UCS system.
2.3. INCANDESCENT LIGHTING: We always try to minimize the use of incandescent lighting by substituting florescent (or HID) lighting to provide the same lighting levels with less wattage of energy usage everywhere possible.
2.4. LIGHTING LEVELS: Gerald Spencer, P.E. will review lighting levels in the site and justify any levels that are greater than the minimum requirement.
2.5. INSULATION: Gerald Spencer, P.E. will consider different thickness’ of Roof Insulation and Wall Insulation if economic life cycle cost analysis can justify the capitol expenditure.
2.6. WINDOWS: Gerald Spencer, P.E. always considers the following glass options:
2.6.1. Different Reflective coatings
2.6.2. Double pane insulating glass
2.7. DESIGN THE BUILDING WITH LESS GLASS: We do not wish to detract from the exterior or interior aesthetic appearance of any facility. It would of course save energy to not provide any windows at all, and have only insulated walls, but the morale of the personnel would be reduced, and the personnel productivity would also be reduced. We will provide architectural aesthetic opinions of the effect of any proposal that effects the visual appearance of the facility or that affects the habitable quality of any facility.
2.8. REVIEW OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES: Review temperature settings, operational hours, manpower requirements, and all other .
2.9. REVIEW MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES: Review expenditures, procedures, and schedules for maintenance.
2.10. AUTOMATION: Provide automation for resetting of space temperatures with the use of programmable thermostats.
2.11. HEAT RECLAIM: We will evaluate waste heat reclaim systems addition to the existing equipment. Auxiliary condensers added to condensing units can be used to generate domestic hot water.
2.12. TREES FOR WINDOW SHADING: We will consider the addition of trees that are located to shade the windows during the summer, to reduce the solar load on the windows.
2.13. OTHER UTILITY COST SAVINGS: We will discover other areas that utility cost savings are possible when we get into this project. These items will also be evaluated.
2.14. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS: Gerald Spencer, P.E. provides life cycle costs of each option for the purpose of decision making for system selection. Additional construction costs would be sometimes serve our clients better in a savings deposit rather than invested into more efficient energy consumption systems.
2.14.1. CAPITAL EXPENDITURES: Each proposed change to the facility will be evaluated on a Life Cycle Cost basis to determine the economic viability of each proposed change. Each proposed change must stand alone on it’s own economic merit.
2.14.2. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE CHANGES: Operations and Maintenance changes to the facility will also be evaluated on a Life Cycle Cost basis to determine the economic viability of each proposed change.
2.14.3. ECONOMIC EVALUATION CRITERIA EXPERIENCE: We are familiar with the Army and NASA economic criteria and guidelines for evaluating the various proposals for the modification of existing facilities.
2.14.4. ECONOMIC EVALUATION CRITERIA: We will work in cooperation with the USAF accounting department and other departments as required to develop economic criteria and guidelines for evaluating the various proposals for the construction of these new facilities.
2.15. ENERGY STUDIES: Examples of similar energy studies performed and documentation of energy savings in similar facilities performed recently are as follows:
2.15.1. LACKLAND AFB - NEW INTELLIGENCE FACILITY - $1,500,000.00 - 2002
2.15.2. LACKLAND AFB - REMODEL WHITE OAK DINING HALL - $3,100,000.00 - 2002
2.15.3. LACKLAND AFB - HVAC STUDY BUILDINGS 1250, 1350, 1354, 1355, 6329, AND 6359 - $1,500,000.00 - 2002
2.15.4. ASRM AIR CREW TRAINING FACILITY - CORPUS CHRISTI NAS, TX - $2,200,000 - U S NAVY - 1999
2.15.5. VEHICLE MAINTENANCE FACILITY - CORPUS CHRISTI NAS, TX - $2,200,000 - U S NAVY - 1999
2.15.6. MINE WARFARE CENTER - INGLESIDE, TEXAS - 1995 - $5,400,000 - U S NAVY - 1998
2.15.7. AIR OPERATIONS BLDG 1770 ADDITION - KINGSVILLE NAS, TEXAS - $1,750,000 - U S NAVY - 1998
2.15.8. CAMP BULLIS ARMORY - U S AIR FORCE - $800,000 - 1997
2.15.9. AMDAHL CHAPEL - KELLY AFB, TX - $1,200,000 - 1995
2.15.10. METROLOGY BUILDING ADDITION - $850,000 - NASA-JSC - 1994
2.15.11. EXXON PRODUCTION RESEARCH FACILITY - BUFFALO SPEEDWAY - HOUSTON - EXXON, USA - 3250 TONS TOTAL: Gerald Spencer, P.E. was the EOR a formal energy analysis project for that resulted in the economic justification of the construction of a new 750 ton super efficient base load water chilling machine to run 24 hrs per day as justified by life cycle cost analysis. Additional capacity was required also. Designed 12KV electrical primary indoor distribution system and sub-station to serve the central plant addition. Prepared Energy Consumption calculations with computer simulation of the HVAC energy consumption for the proposed systems as required for economic Life Cycle Cost evaluation and selection of the most advantageous systems for construction.
2.15.12. Many other projects mostly for EPR dating back to 1968
2.16. ENERGY BUDGET PREPARATION AND LIFE CYCLE COST EVALUATIONS:
2.16.1. Gerald Spencer, PE is the EOR for performing Energy Budget Preparation in accordance with U S Army criteria defined in ETL-1110-3-309.
2.16.2. Gerald Spencer, PE is the EOR for performing Energy Analysis and Life Cycle Energy Cost studies as required to determine the types of HVAC and other energy consuming systems to be installed in the new or existing facilities for the past 25 years. Gerald Spencer has personal experience of an additional 5 years of performing Energy Analysis and Life Cycle Energy Cost studies prior to entering private practice in 1967.
2.16.3. Gerald Spencer, PE is very experienced in the design of Energy Efficient Systems and modifications to existing systems as required to improve energy consumption efficiency for the HVAC and other energy consuming systems to be installed in the new or existing facilities. We have been designing energy efficient HVAC systems for the past 25 years.
2.16.4. Gerald Spencer, PE has been performing Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Cost studies as required to determine Energy Budgets for HVAC systems since the inception of ASHRAE Standard 90 in 1980. ASHRAE 90 is the basis for the Texas State Energy Code that became the state law in September 2002.
3. DESIGN OF PLANT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (PMS) USING DIRECT DIGITAL CONTROL (DDC) FOLLOWING THE CRITERIA ESTABLISHED IN MEDCOM SPECIFICATION 1000: Gerald Spencer, PE completed the week long Corps of Engineers Energy Management Control Systems (EMCS) Design Course in Huntsville, Alabama in the spring of 1992. Gerald Spencer, PE recently completed the Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Distributed Control System (DCS) training classes taught by the Instrument Society of America (ISA) Instrument Technology Training Program (ITTS). The ITTS classes were addressing systems of 2,000 points. SDJ&S has completed the replacement design of the NASA Man Rated Space Chambers “A” & “B” Instrumentation and Control System with a new 15,000 point system served by multiple host Central Processing Units (CPU), remote stand alone Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) control/communication modules, multiple remote I/O modules, and dual data transmission medium data highway. We are leaders in instrumentation design but attend these courses not to learn, but to keep our design nomenclature similar to the evolving nomenclature in the control & instrumentation industry.
3.1. SCADA & UCS SYSTEMS: The Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and Utility Control Systems (UCS) is the current nomenclature for EMCS systems that control utilities in addition to the Traditional HVAC and Lighting systems controlled by EMCS systems.
3.2. BUILDING INFORMATION SYSTEMS: Building Information Control Systems such as life safety, intrusion detection, closed circuit TV security monitoring, door control, and fire safety can be integrated into the UCS, but the life safety fire detection/control must usually stand alone in order to meet the requirements of NFPA codes.
3.3. RECENT SCADA SYSTEM DESIGNS: We have recently been the AE of record for SCADA systems for the following Projects:
HANGER 42 - CORPUS CHRISTI NAS, TX - 1996
ASRM TRAINER - CORPUS CHRISTI NAS, TX - 1996
BUILDING 129 - WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE, NM - 1995
BUILDING 128 - WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE - 1995
MINE WARFARE CENTER - U S NAVY - INGLESIDE NS, TX - 1995
KELLY AFB CHAPEL ADDITION - KELLY AFB, TEXAS - 1994
FM RADIO CONTROLS FOR LOAD SHEDDING - FT. HOOD, TEXAS - 1985
NASA-JSC - BLDG 29 - REHAB HVAC SYSTEMS - 1992
NASA-JSC -BLDG 111 - EMPLOYMENT & INDUSTRIAL BUILDING - 1992
NASA-JSC - BLDG 343 - METROLOGY BUILDING - 1993
FM RADIO CONTROLS / LOAD SHEDDING - FT. BLISS, TEXAS - 1986
FM RADIO CONTROLS / LOAD SHEDDING - FT. HOOD, TX - 1985
FM RADIO CONTROLS / LOAD SHEDDING - FT. SAM HOUSTON, TX - 1986
3.4. OLDER EMCS SYSTEMS: Gerald Spencer, PE has been designing EMCS systems for many years. Older EMCS systems designed by Gerald Spencer, PE are as follows:
FY-77 DENTAL CLINIC - FT. HOOD, TEXAS - 1977
200 MAN BOQ - FT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS - 1971
FY-76 DENTAL CLINIC - FT. HOOD, TEXAS - 1976
FY-75 DENTAL CLINIC - FT. HOOD, TEXAS - 1975
AIR CONDITION EXISTING ENLISTED WOMEN’’S BARRACKS - FT SAM HOUSTON - 1973
AIR CONDITION 4 EXISTING BOQ’’S FT. HOOD, TEXAS - 1973
AIR CONDITION EXISTING CENTRAL PROCESSING CENTER - FT. HOOD - 1972
AIR CONDITION 14 EXISTING BARRACKS FT. HOOD, TEXAS - 1971
4. DATA AQUISITION SYSTEMS: Gerald Spencer, PE is has designed many Data Acquisition systems over the past 25 years, including the 16,000 Point (24,000 point capacity) Distributed Control System (DCS) for the chamber operations at Building 32, NASA Johnson Space Center. This is the large space simulation chambers A (the largest in the world) & B. This is a stand-alone info-highway for test data acquisition, test data logging, space simulation systems control, space simulation systems monitoring, cryogenic systems control, solar simulation systems control, helium refrigeration systems control, and cryo-pumping systems control.
1.713.621.2482 or 1.800.383.9685
4635 Southwest Freeway, Suite 900
Houston, Texas 77027
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